Forex Advices

How To Use Fibonacci Retracement In Forex Trading


Forex trading is a complex and dynamic field where traders employ various strategies and tools to predict market movements. One such powerful tool is Fibonacci retracement. Named after the Italian mathematician Leonardo Fibonacci, this technical analysis tool helps traders identify potential support and resistance levels in the market. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore the concept of Fibonacci retracement and how it can be applied effectively in forex trading.

Understanding Fibonacci Retracement

Fibonacci retracement is based on the idea that markets tend to retrace a predictable portion of a move before continuing in the original direction. The key levels are derived from the Fibonacci sequence, a series of numbers where each number is the sum of the two preceding ones. The commonly used retracement levels in forex trading are 23.6%, 38.2%, 50%, 61.8%, and 100%.

The Fibonacci Sequence And Ratios

The Fibonacci sequence starts with 0 and 1, and the next number is the sum of the previous two: 0, 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, and so on. The ratios are derived from these numbers:

23.6%: Derived by dividing a number by the number three places to its right (e.g., 21/89 ≈ 0.236).

38.2%: Derived by dividing a number by the number two places to its right (e.g., 21/55 ≈ 0.382).

50%: A commonly used level, though not a true Fibonacci ratio.

61.8%: Known as the golden ratio, derived by dividing a number by the number one place to its right (e.g., 21/34 ≈ 0.618).

100%: Represents a complete retracement of the move.

Applying Fibonacci Retracement In Forex Trading

To use Fibonacci retracement, traders typically follow these steps:

Identify the Trend: Determine the direction of the trend (uptrend or downtrend).

Select the Swing High and Low: In an uptrend, select the most recent swing low and swing high. In a downtrend, select the most recent swing high and swing low.

Plot the Fibonacci Levels: Use a trading platform’s Fibonacci retracement tool to plot the levels on the chart.

Example Of Fibonacci Retracement Application

Suppose the EUR/USD pair is in an uptrend, and the price moves from 1.1000 (swing low) to 1.2000 (swing high). To apply Fibonacci retracement:

  • Select the swing low at 1.1000.
  • Select the swing high at 1.2000.
  • Plot the Fibonacci retracement levels: 1.1764 (23.6%), 1.1620 (38.2%), 1.1500 (50%), 1.1380 (61.8%).

Interpreting Fibonacci Retracement Levels

These levels act as potential support and resistance points. In an uptrend, the price may retrace to these levels before continuing higher. Conversely, in a downtrend, the price may retrace to these levels before resuming its decline. Traders use these levels to identify entry and exit points, set stop-loss orders, and determine profit targets.

Strategies For Using Fibonacci Retracement

Confluence with Other Indicators: Combine Fibonacci retracement levels with other technical indicators, such as moving averages, to confirm potential reversal points.

Trendline Confluence: Use trendlines to identify areas where the trendline and Fibonacci levels intersect, indicating stronger support or resistance.

Candlestick Patterns: Look for reversal candlestick patterns, such as doji or engulfing patterns, near Fibonacci levels to validate potential reversals.

Divergence: Use momentum indicators, such as the Relative Strength Index (RSI), to spot divergences that align with Fibonacci levels, signaling possible trend reversals.

Advantages Of Fibonacci Retracement

Versatility: Applicable in various markets and timeframes, making it a versatile tool for traders.

Predictive Power: Helps predict potential support and resistance levels, aiding in better trade planning.

Risk Management: Assists in setting stop-loss orders and profit targets, enhancing risk management.

Limitations Of Fibonacci Retracement

Subjectivity: Selecting swing highs and lows can be subjective, leading to different retracement levels for different traders.

Not Foolproof: Fibonacci levels are not always precise and should be used in conjunction with other tools and indicators.

Market Conditions: Effectiveness can vary depending on market conditions and volatility.


Fibonacci retracement is a valuable tool for forex traders, offering insights into potential support and resistance levels. By understanding and applying Fibonacci retracement correctly, traders can enhance their trading strategies and make more informed decisions. Remember, like all technical analysis tools, Fibonacci retracement should be used in conjunction with other indicators and sound risk management practices to maximize its effectiveness.

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